Project Findings


Work Package 1 - To identify and classify difference types of Dual Career Development Environments across Europe and define criteria of their effectiveness and efficiency

The intermediary report, which outlines the results of work package 1 of the project, is now available here.

This intermediary report provides a summary of work package 1 which covers aim 1 of the Ecology of Dual Career ERASMUS+ project – to identify and classify difference types of Dual Career Development Environments (DCDEs) across Europe and define criteria of their effectiveness and efficiency. The report provides a detailed outline of the background, research aims and questions, the methods and approach taken, and the results of the work package.

Research Articles

Research articles from the project will appear here as and when they are published.

For those who are interested in researching more into our research project, below are a selection of research papers you may find of interest. Do let us know your thoughts on them via our Facebook and Twitter pages!

Kuettel, Christensen, Zysko, & Hansen, 2018.

The purpose of this qualitative research is to explore and compare the beliefs and values of the stakeholders working in different national dual career environments. Interviews were conducted with key dual career informants from Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland. The research recognises the importance of culture as a factor in the development of dual career environments.


Pink, Brooke, Lonie, & Saunders, 2018.

The article outlines case study research of a semi-professional Australian rules football club, with a specific focus on supporting dual career. Time management, the demanding nature of non-athletic occupations and inconsistent training schedules were the most common challenges. Whereas, the ability to negotiate flexible arrangements with the football club, and opportunities for mentoring by senior players were processes that helped athletes manage the demands of sport and education or vocation.


De Brandt, Wylleman, Torregrossa, Schipper-Van Veldhoven, Minelli, Defruyt, & De Knop, (2018).

This research developed the first Dual Career Competency Questionnaire for Athletes (DCCQ-A). A questionnaire which measures athletes’ possession of 29 dual career skills on a 5-point Likert-type scale. The questionnaire covers skills such as: dual career management, career planning, emotional awareness, and social intelligence & adaptability. This tool can be used by practitioners to support dual career athletes in their development.

Stambulova & Wylleman, (2018).

This article, authored by our colleagues, provides a critical review of the research across Europe that has been in recent years. Hence, it is a good place to start of anyone wanting to get up to speed with the dual career literature. The review highlights several areas for future study that have not, yet, been adequately addresses: dual career in sport and work, dual career “costs”, dual career development environments, dual career athletes’ mental health and well-being, dual career support and training of the support providers.


In November, the project was presented by Dr Robert Morris at the Talented Athlete Dual Career Forum which took place in the National Library in London

Multiplier Sport Events

In August, the first multiplier sport event took place in Odense. Over 60 practitioners and academics with an interest and expertise in dual careers attended the event where the current project findings were disseminated.